Agricultural Economists are concerned with all economical activities that influence agriculture and the distribution of agricultural products. The primary objective of agricultural economists is to increase profitability in agriculture and improve human prosperity. They pursue this aim through studying and analyzing the aspects which influence the agricultural economy, and giving advice. This includes the manufacture and distribution of agricultural means of production; farming itself; the determination of government policy concerning agricultural and consumption affairs; the purchasing, processing and distribution of agricultural products; the financing of all aspects of agricultural production and the sale of agricultural products; economic evaluation of agricultural projects; agricultural development as well as research and advice on all these facets. Each agricultural economist usually specializes in a certain field.
The fields of study of the agricultural economist are as follows:
Production Economics, which involves the relationship between the inputs, production and profit as well as labor utilization.
Financial Management, which includes aspects such as the management process itself, agricultural planning and the principles of financing.
Agricultural Marketing, which involves all aspects of marketing such as the price system and market types.
Agricultural Policy, which involves the interaction between agriculture and other sectors, the trade policy, production policy, price and income policy and the government functions.
Operational Research, which is the application of economic simulation and optimization techniques on agricultural problems.
Natural Resource and Environmental Economics, which is about the economic evaluation of the interaction between agricultural production processes and the natural environment.
Various courses at bachelor's and master's level are offered in agriculture and its allied subjects. One can also apply for various research programs in agricultural institutes and universities.
B. Tech programme in Agricultural Sciences (4 years)
One can choose from a variety of subjects depending upon his/her interest.
Minimum eligibility requirement for admission: To be eligible, a candidate must have passed 10+2 science examination with PCB/PCBM/PCM/10+2 having scored not less than 50% marks in aggregate.
Candidates coming from different streams must take remedial courses as prescribed.
Admission is through an entrance test and academic performance
M.Sc Agri Science (2 years)
Masters in Agricultural Business Management
M.Sc Agricultural Biotechnology
M.Sc Food Science and Technology or M.Sc Environmental Science and technology.
Eligibility: Relevant Bachelor's Degree examination from an institution accredited by ICAR
Admission is through entrance and academic performance.
Doctoral degree programmes and fellowship are also offered by many agricultural universities of India.
Central University charges around Rs.18000-20000 per year.
India has as many agricultural universities that offer regular full time programs in agriculture.
(1.) Acharya NG Ranga Agricultural Univ., Rajendranagar, Hyderabad, A.P.
(2.) Anand Agricultural University, Anand, Gujarat
(3.) Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat, Assam
(4.) Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, P.O Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Mohanpur, Nadia, West Bengal
(5.) Birsa Agricultural University, Kanke, Ranchi, Jharkhand
(6.) Central Agricultural University, Imphal, Manipur
(7.) Chandra Shekar Azad Univ. of Agriculture & Technology, Kanpur, U.P
(8.) Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hissar, Haryana
(9.) Chaudhary Sarwan Kumar Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishvavidhalaya, Palampur, Kangra, Himachal Pradesh
(10.) Dr Balasaheb Sawant Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth, Dapoli, Ratnagiri, Maharashtra
(11.) Dr Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth, Krishi Nagar, Akola, Maharashtra
(12.) Dr Yashwant Singh Parmar Univ. of Horticulture & Forestry, Solan, Nauni, Himachal Pradesh
(13.) Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture & Technology, Pantnagar, Udhamsingh Nagar, Uttarakhand
(14.) Guru Angad Dev University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Ludhiana, Punjab
(15.) Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Krishak Nagar, Raipur, Chhattisgarh
(1.) Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Pusa, New Delhi
(2.) Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh
(3.) National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana
(4.) Central Institute of Fisheries Education, Mumbai, Maharashtra
(5.) Allahabad Agricultural Institute, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh
Central Universities with Agriculture Faculty
(1.) Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, U.P.
(2.) Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, U.P.
(3.) Vishwa Bharti, Shantiniketan, West Bengal
(4.) Nagaland University, Medizipherma, Nagaland
Government departments are the major employers for agricultural economists: The Departments of Agriculture, Foreign Affairs, Trade and Industry, Labour, Environment Affairs & Tourism, Water Affairs and Forestry as well as state authorities give employment. Commercial and development banks and insurance companies and organisations involved with agricultural outputs and inputs provide good employment opportunity.
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