What does an agricultural scientist do?
Agricultural scientists do research and development on production techniques, in Improving agricultural productivity in terms of quantity and quality (e.g., selection of drought-resistant crops and animals, development of new pesticides, yield-sensing technologies, simulation models of crop growth, in-vitro cell culture techniques), in transformation of primary products into end-consumer products (e.g., production, preservation, and packaging of agricultural products), prevention and correction of adverse environmental effects (e.g., soil degradation, waste management, bio-remediation), theoretical production ecology, relating to crop production modelling. Traditional agricultural systems, sometimes termed subsistence agriculture, which feed most of the poorest people in the world. These systems are of interest as they sometimes retain a level of integration with natural ecological systems greater than that of industrial agriculture, which may be more sustainable than some modern agricultural systems.
Various courses at bachelors and masters level are offered in agriculture and its allied subjects. One can also apply for various research programs in agricultural institutes and universities.
B. Tech programme in Agricultural sciences (4 years)
B.Sc programme in any subject. One can choose from a variety of subjects depending upon his/her interest.
Minimum eligibility requirement for admission: To be eligible, a candidate must have passed 10+2 science examination with PCB/PCBM/PCM/10+2 having scored not less than 50% marks in aggregate with the condition that candidates coming from different streams must take remedial courses as prescribed.
Admission: is through entrance test and academic performance
M.Sc Agri Science (2 years)
Masters in Agricultural Business Management
M.Sc Agricultural Biotechnology
M.Sc Food Science and Technology or M.Sc Environmental Science and Technology
Eligibility: Relevant Bachelor's Degree examination from an institution accredited by ICAR
Admission: is through Entrance and academic performance.
Doctoral degree programmes and fellowship are also offered by many agricultural universities of India.
Central University charges around Rs.18000-20000 per year.
India has as many agricultural universities that offer regular full time programs in agriculture.
(1.) Acharya NG Ranga Agricultural Univ., Rajendranagar, Hyderabad, A.P.
(2.) Anand Agricultural University, Anand, Gujarat
(3.) Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat, Assam
(4.) Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, P.O Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Mohanpur, Nadia, West Bengal
(5.) Birsa Agricultural University, Kanke, Ranchi, Jharkhand
(6.) Central Agricultural University, Imphal, Manipur
(7.) Chandra Shekar Azad Univ. of Agriculture & Technology, Kanpur, U.P
(8.) Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hissar, Haryana
(9.) Chaudhary Sarwan Kumar Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishvavidhalaya, Palampur, Kangra, Himachal Pradesh
(10.) Dr Balasaheb Sawant Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth, Dapoli, Ratnagiri, Maharashtra
(11.) Dr Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth, Krishi Nagar, Akola, Maharashtra
(12.) Dr Yashwant Singh Parmar Univ. of Horticulture & Forestry, Solan, Nauni, Himachal Pradesh
(13.) Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture & Technology, Pantnagar, Udhamsingh Nagar, Uttarakhand
(14.) Guru Angad Dev University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Ludhiana, Punjab
(15.) Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Krishak Nagar, Raipur, Chhattisgarh
(1.) Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Pusa, New Delhi
(2.) Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh
(3.) National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana
(4.) Central Institute of Fisheries Education, Mumbai, Maharashtra
(5.) Allahabad Agricultural Institute, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh
Central Universities with Agriculture Faculty
(1.) Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, U.P.
(2.) Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, U.P.
(3.) Vishwa Bharti, Shantiniketan, West Bengal
(4.) Nagaland University, Medizipherma, Nagaland
There are excellent career opportunities in Agricultural sector for engineering graduates and scientists. They find employment in private consultancies, large corporations, government and non-government organisations, universities and colleges, research laboratories, fertiliser industry and some manage large farms or estates.
Prof M S Swaminathan is an internationally famous agricultural scientist and he developed varieties in rice and wheat and is considered leader of the Green Revolution Movement. He has been awarded the Ramon Magsaysay Award for Community Leadership, the Albert Einstein World Science Award, the first World Food Prize in 1987, Volvo Environment Prize in 1999, and the Franklin D Roosevelt Four Freedoms Award in 2000.
Professor Baldev Singh Dhillon, is an internationally famous agricultural scientist and former Assistant Director General at ICAR; he developed variety in maize.
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