Chemical engineering involves the processing and treating of liquids and gases. For example, some chemical engineers study ways to desalinate seawater—stripping it of salt to make the water safe to drink. Many chemical engineers work with petroleum and plastics, although both of these are the subject of independent disciplines.
While it is a given that a chemical engineer will work with chemical compounds in some capacity, the actual scope of duties that make up the work of chemical engineers is much broader. In fact, dealing with chemicals is only one part of the task of chemical engineering.
A chemical engineer often is involved in the research and development of new products that involve the interaction of chemical compounds with a number of different types of materials. It is possible for a chemical engineer to work in a number of different industries, with aerospace, electronics, textiles, and environmental companies. Many of the products on the market today were first envisioned and refined by chemical engineers who worked closely with product designers to achieve an effect that is sturdy, functional, and attractive. A chemical engineer is also often involved in designing the actual layout of the processing / manufacturing plant. They also assist in the selection and calibration of the machinery used in mixing compounds and producing parts or sections for the finished products. Along with the layout of the plant floor and the creation of the components, a chemical engineer also sets up the quality control parameters within the processing plant.
Bachelor of Engineering (BE)/ Bachelor of Technology (BTech): The eligibility is class 12th i with physics, chemistry and maths as the main subjects and qualification in the Entrance Exam. The AMIE (Associate Memberships of the Institution of Engineers) offers courses, which are also equivalent to BE and B.Tech. Masters in Engineering( ME) or Masters in Technology M.Tech: Eligibility is BE, B Tech and entrance Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) exam. The marks scored in this exam are valid in most colleges.
For those who wish to study further, a Ph.D. in engineering can be pursued.
(1.) JEE MAIN 2013 Exam - Joint Engineering Entrance Exam (2013): for NITs, IIITs, DTU, Delhi and other centrally funded institutions (CFTIs)
(2.) Kerala Engineering Entrance Exam - KEAM 2013
(3.) Karnataka Engineering Entrance exam - Karnataka CET
(4.) Maharashtra Engineering Entrance Exam - MHT-CET
(5.) West Bengal Engineering Entrance Exam - WBJEE
(6.) Uttar Pradesh Engineering Entrance Exam - UP SEE
JEE MAIN 2013 Exam
(1.) The JEE (Main) (Paper I of earlier AIEEE) for B.E./B.Tech will be held in two modes, viz. offline and online (CBT).
(2.) The examination (Paper II of earlier AIEEE) for admissions to B.Arch/B.Planning courses at NITs, IIITs, DTU, Delhi and other CFTIs will be held in offline mode only.
(3.) The merit list for admission to NITs, IIITs, DTU, Delhi and other CFTIs will be prepared by giving 40% weightage (suitably normalized) to class XII (or equivalent examination) or other qualifying examination marks and 60% to the performance in JEE (Main) examination.
(4.) The JEE (Main)-2013 (Paper I of earlier AIEEE) will have one objective type question paper.
(5.) The paper will consist of Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. The duration of the paper will be three hours.
(6.) The Paper II for admissions to B.Arch/B.Planning courses at NITs, IITs, DTU, Delhi and other CFTIs will have one Question Paper consisting of Mathematics, Aptitude Test and Drawing Test as per past practice of AIEEE. The duration of the paper will be three hours.
The 4 years course in engineering from an IIT will cost about Rs.2 lakhs. There are a number of scholarships, fee waivers and loans available for those who are unable to fund the education. Apart from this, in most colleges the students can earn a small amount while working on a research project with the professors in their college and this can also help funding the course. The fees in other private colleges is more, often ranging from about 40,000 per year to about 70,000 per year.
In India there are many Universities and colleges that offer B Tech / B E and M Tech courses. Some of the top engineering colleges are:
(1.) Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi
(2.) Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay
(3.) Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
(4.) Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur
(5.) Indian Institute of Technology, Madras
(6.) Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati
(7.) Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee
(8.) Institute of Technology, Benaras Hindu University, Benaras.
(9.) Institute of Technology, Ropar
(10.) Indian Institute of Technology, Gandhi Nagar
(11.) Indian Institute of Technology, Bhubaneshwar
(12.) Indian Institute of Technology, Hyderabad
(13.) Indian Institute of Technology, Patna
(14.) Indian Institute of Technology, Mandi
(15.) Institute of Technology,Indore
(16.) Institute of Technology, Rajsthan, Mentored by IIT Kanpur Temporarily at IIT Kanpur
Some other reputed colleges are:
(1.) University Institute of Engineering and Technology, South campus, Panjab University Chandigarh
(2.) Delhi Technological University, New Delhi (Formerly Delhi College of Engineering)
(3.) Netaji Subhas Institute of Technology, Delhi
(4.) Indira Gandhi Delhi Technical University for women, New Delhi
A graduate chemical engineer starting afresh gets around Rs.25000 to Rs.40000 per month. As one progresses, the salary package also enhances and in about five years time the salary gets to around Rs.8 to 12 lakh per annum level. The engineers employed with process and technology consultancies get higher package than those working in processing industries. Similarly those working in Oil and Gas industry also get handsomely paid. Many such engineers get employment in Gulf Countries as well. Here the package is quite lucrative, in some cases it can go upto Rs.25 Lakhs per annum.
Yoshio Nishi: Handheld electronics and gadgets – from mobile phones to laptops – have transformed the way we live over the past decade or so. But the revolution would not have been possible without high-power rechargeable batteries, and they were brought to market, thanks to a chemical engineer. Like many engineers, Yoshio Nishi is not a household name but frankly he should be, for he led the team that turned the lithium ion battery from a research concept into practical, commercially viable reality.
Tomio Wada: We owe a greater debt to pocket calculators than we might think – for every flat-screen LCD (liquid crystal display), be it the TV at home, the mobile phone in your pocket or the computer monitor in the office, is essentially the grandchild of a pocket calculator launched, by Japan’s Sharp Corporation in 1973. The EL-805 calculator was the first commercial electronic device to use an LCD screen. Tomio Wada, a chemical engineer working for Sharp and his team developed new photolithographic etching process from scratch, and LCD was born.
A chemical Engineer’s day usually varies with the kind of role that one does. If he is working as a process engineer, then his typical day starts in the process control room (the room with all the automatic instrumentation controls that operate various processes within the process plant) by taking notes from the observations of the plant shift engineers. Once he has gone through the observations then he looks at the log books of various control panels to see if there is any anomaly. The process engineer then physically goes to the plant site and checks various parameters to ensure that the plant continues to operate smoothly.
In case the chemical engineer is working as an engineering consultant then his typical day starts with taking brief from his senior consultant. Thereafter the engineer starts working on his task, whether designing some key equipment or line etc. He uses a lot of computer aided simulation models to verify his designs.
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