Border Security Force’s motto is "Duty Unto Death”. The motto reflects the true passion with which this agency has helped secure India and Indians. The Paramilitary Forces of India like BSF, CRPF, ITBP help the Armed forces and Police in securing India. India has the second largest Para military force in the world.
While these agencies work under the ministry of home affairs, some work in cooperation with the Police forces and some work in cooperation with the Armed Forces.
CENTRAL PARAMILITARY FORCES
(1.) Border Security Force – it consists of 215,000 personnel
(2.) Central Industrial Security Force – it consists of 105,000 personnel
CENTRAL POLICE ORGANIZATIONS
(1.) Railway Protection Force – it consists of about 45,000 personnel who provide police security to the Indian Railways.
(2.) Indian Home Guard – consists of 400 to 600,000 personnel
(3.) Civil Defence – it consists of 35,930 personnel
(4.) Sashastra Seema Bal – it consists of 32,500 personnel who guard the indo-Nepal and indo-Bhutan borders
(5.) Special Protection Group – it consists of about 3000 personnel
(6.) Special Frontier Force – it consists of about 10,000 personnel and is an elite, parachute qualified commando unit deployed along sensitive areas of border with china.
(7.) Provincial Armed Constabulary – it consists of 250 to 300,000 persons who act as mobile armed reserve
(8.) Central Reserve Police Force – it consists of 172,000 personnel in 200 battalions
(9.) Rapid Action Force – it consists of a 10 battalion semi-independent part of CRPF
(10.) Commando Battalion for Resolute Action – it consists of a 10,000 strong force
The Border Security Force (BSF) is a Border Guarding Force of India. The personnel of this force guards India's land border during peace time and prevents transnational crime. It is a Union Government Agency under the administrative control of Ministry of Home Affairs. It currently stands as th world's largest border guarding force. The Border Security Force has three main operational arms, the General Duty branch, which is in charge of vigilance, The Technical branch, which maintains equipments, telecommunication networks and is also in charge of construction work and the Medical branch, which provides all kinds of medical facilities to BSF troops as well as civilians.
Border Security Force patrols mountainous terrains, deserts and long coastal stretches on camel-back, horseback, on foot, speedboats or in helicopters. During war-time they are required to hold ground in less threatened sectors so long as the main attack does not develop in a particular sector. Protection of vital installations against enemy commando raids is also part of responsibilities in the Border Security Force. They also carry out internal security, anti-infiltration and counter insurgency roles.
The Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) is an armed Force of the Union of India, with the basic role of striking reserve to assist the State/Union Territories in Police operations to maintain law and order and contain insurgency.The Force has grown into a big organization with 231 Bn, (including 200 executive Bns, 4 Mahila Bns, 10 RAF Bns, 10 CoBRA Bns, 5 Signal Bns and 1 Special Duty Group & 1 PDG), 41 Group Centres, 20 Training Institutions, 3 CWS, 7 AWS, 3 SWS & 4 Composite Hospitals of 100 bed and 17 Composite Hospitals of 50 bed. Its role is that of a catalyst in maintaining law & order, and returns to barracks once this objective is achieved. The force is also being used for various police duties in various States. It is All India in character, both in deployment and in its composition. Due to its unique capability to quickly adapt to various situational requirements, and also, to work in perfect harmony with the State Police, CRPF has, over the years, acquired the distinction of being perhaps the most acceptable Force, by the people and the State administrations. CRPF personnel do Crowd control, Riot control, Counter Militancy / Insurgency operations, Dealing with Left Wing extremism, Overall co-ordination of large scale security arrangement specially with regard to elections in disturbed areas, Protection of VIPs and vital installations, Checking environmental de-gradation and protection of local Flora and Fauna, Fighting aggression during War time, Participating in UN Peace Keeping Mission, Rescue and Relief operations at the time of Natural Calamities.
How to join Para military forces?
BSF: For the post as an officer (of an assistant commandant (AC): Any graduate is eligible. Possession of NCC ‘B’ or ‘C’ certificate or outstanding achievements in sports or athletics is an added qualification. UPSC selects officers for BSF through written test, preliminary medical examination, physical efficiency test, group discussion, interview and the final medical examination. On selection there is one year of basic training and one gets posting.
Newly selected candidates begin their careers as AC (Assistant Commandant). Officers of these organisations also get the opportunity to work for special groups like National Security Guards and Special Protection Group. They are deputed to these groups for three to four years, after which they are replaced by another batch of officers sent on deputation. They receive special allowances for their important duties like protecting VIPs during deputation. CRPF, BSF, ITBP act as feeders for these special groups doing important duties.
Civil, electronic and electrical engineers find employment in the technical branch. One of the most important departments of this branch is the Signals Arm. Here, you will be in-charge of the line of communication for passing information on matters relating to internal security. Qualified Doctors join in the Medical Branch where they take care of Border Security Force personnel as well as civilians. They dispense medicines to the civilian population as well as attend to the sick. In addition you will be involved in numerous civic actions.
CRPF – From time to time UPSC holds written exam for recruitment of Assistant Commandants (Group A) in CAPF, CRPF, CISF, ITBF and BSF for which only Indian Nationals are eligible. While selection to non-gazetted posts of constables is made through a selection test open to non-graduates, the gazetted positions are open only to graduates. Graduates from any stream can apply if they fall in the 19 to 25 years age group.
Selection is made through a written examination, physical efficiency test (PET) and an interview. Senior positions of IGs, DIGs, Commandants are filled through promotions or by deputed personnel from the defence services or from the Police Services. During their career in forces there is opportunity for special training in mountaineering, communication, management etc. Many refresher courses keep the personnel updated in all aspects of work. Officers of CRPF are given opportunity to serve with National Security Guards and Special Protection Groups. This earns them special allowances.
Police - Entry is open to the police service to both men and women. The police constabulary is a large force. Physically robust young boys/girls are recruited. For recruitment to the post of sub-inspectors and assistant sub-inspectors, a degree is essential. Both boys and girls are eligible. These posts are advertised from time to time and selection is carried out at the state level. Gazetted posts above the sub-inspector level are filled by selection conducted by the State Public Service Commissions. Indian Police Service (IPS) appointments move to their respective state cadres to fill the senior most positions of Superintendents of Police, DIG, IG etc.
Selection Test for graduate entry to all paramilitary services:
Graduates take the written exam which is a selection test for recruiting cadets. The entrants also go through a physical efficiency test (PET). Those who qualify, face an interview board and take the medical test. Selected candidates undergo rigorous training before taking charge. Technical graduates too go through the PET and medical examination.
The written part has two papers - Paper I of 200 marks is a test of general awareness, basic intelligence and reasoning and numerical ability. Paper II of 100 marks is an assessment of ability to read and understand serious discursive prose and also the ability to express the ideas clearly and correctly. This comprises essay (in Hindi or English), precise writing and comprehension of a given passage, (in English only).
Physical Efficiency Test -This is a test to ensure physical fitness. It compromises of 100 meters (16 sec men, 18 sec girls), 800 meters races (3 min men, 4 min. girls), long jump, high jump for both men and women and shot-put for men only.
Interview - Beginning with questions pertaining to the bio data, the interviewers move on to hobbies, subjects of study, general awareness and general intelligence. The candidates psyche, aptitude, mannerisms and etiquette along with the dedication to the cause of the nation are also assessed by the Board. Preference in selection is given to outstanding sports men & NCC cadets who have outstanding record.
Physical Standard - Height 165 cms. for men & 157 cms. for women, Chest 86 cms. with expansion weight 50 kg. for men & 46 kg. for women. Physical /mental health should be good. Knock knees, flat foot and squint in eyes are not permitted. Perfect colour vision/corrected vision J-I/J-II permitted/corrected distant vision 6/6 or 6/9 and 6/9 and 6/9 or 6/12 permitted. Road ahead to join Para Military Forces.
In the Para Military forces the salary structures vary depending on the rank and force. The Assistant Commandents get paid in the pay band of Rs 1.8 lakhs a year to 4.5 lakhs a year with grade pay. This does not including perks such as free ration, travel and medical allowance, etc. Apart from monthly salary and allowances, outstanding and exclusive training - from horseback riding to training in the various styles of self-defence - that anyone who joins the paramilitary forces receives. These make the Para-military services a much sought-after profession.
For a BSF officer the day start early with physical training. Even before reaching the office they may take reports from the field locations. Office work involves checking the key points of border and weapon maintenance. Officers have to allot various shifts to the personnel deployed at the post. It is said that BSF person is on duty 24 hours so even if you reach back to rest you may need to go and check posts at any time in the night as well.
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