Geography as a discipline has evolved in many years and helps us in understanding the world. It studies the land, its features and the inhabitants. Not only geography as such offers good career options it is a good stepping stone for many related careers.
What do geographers do?
Geographers are people who study the earth’s natural environment. Their scope is not just limited to making maps but stretches much beyond that. They study environment and human society and effects of human society on environment. They are the backbone of Geographic information systems. They study climate and natural phenomena like cyclones, storms, rain, land and oceans and about the earth’s resources. They study weather and seasons and are involved in global monitoring of environment and weather forecasting. Geographers are also involved in urban planning, environmental planning and monitoring.
Geographers specialize in various fields like Economic Geography, Cultural Geography, Environment Control, Political Geography, and Natural Resources. You can also specialize in Cartography, Geographic Information Systems (GIS), Geo-morphology, Meteorology, Climatology, Remote sensing, and other related areas
Geographers do a lot of research work and field work. As per specialization geographers work as cartographers, climatologist, Geographic Information system specialist, environmental analyst, urban planner, Remote sensing specialist etc.
(1.) B A in Geography --- Eligibility: 10+2
(2.) B.Sc. in Geography --- Eligibility: 10+2 with Maths, Statistics & Computer Science
(3.) MA in geography/Applied Geography
(4.) MSc in geography/Applied Geography
(5.) Diploma in Geo Informatics
(6.) M.Sc. Geo Informatics
(7.) Post graduate Diploma in geographical cartography
One can also do a Master's degree in Planning/ Remote Sensing/ GIS (M.Tech level courses) if you have Mathematics as a subject in your BA/ B. Sc. You can also specialize in Population Science or Population Studies after your post graduation.
For career in academics higher education like M.Phil./PhD is needed. At these levels one can choose any specialized courses in Geography like Cartography, Urban and Town Planning, Regional Planning, Physiography, Climatology, Oceanography, Population Studies, Economic and Environmental Geography.
Institutes and Universities for studying Geography
(1.) University of Delhi, New Delhi
(2.) Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi
(3.) University of Rajasthan, Jaipur
(4.) Institute of Geo-informatics & Remote Sensing, Kolkata
(5.) Jamia Millia University, New Delhi
(6.) Indian Institute of Geomagnetism, Mumbai
(7.) Amity University, Noida
(8.) Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
(9.) SNDT Women's University, Mumbai
(10.) M. S. University of Baroda, Baroda
(11.) University of Calcutta, Kolkata
(12.) Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar
(13.) Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology, Ahmedabad
(14.) Birla Institute of Technology, Ranchi
(15.) Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Hyderabad
(16.) Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh
In university departments and colleges an, an Assistant Professor may get anywhere between Rs. 1.8 lakhs to Rs 4.5 lakhs per year as basic salary and a Professor may get between Rs. 4.5 lakhs and 8 lakhs as basic pay per year. In Government jobs and with NGO’s one usually begins with a lesser salary. Private organisations pay higher.
After studying geography one can join the teaching and academic institutions. One can also use skills in various other career options. One can go for higher studies in Town and urban planning or one can go in the field of cartography, Interested candidates can go for fields like geology and meterology. Geographers can also choose careers in the field of surverying etc where they do land valuations. Geomatics and Geo Informatics are also coming up as excellent fields. Travel and tourism and Content writing for the travel industry is another option. Research organisation and organizations involved in environment conservation are offer good employment options.
James Rennell is considered to be the father of Indian Geography, he started making maps while he was in school itself.
Shashi Bhusan is another famous Indian geographer.
Rajesh Mathur, NIIT-GIS Vice Chairman, has contributed a lot in the geo-spatial industry for over two decades in India and he was conferred with Lifetime Achievement Award at India Geospatial Forum in 2012.
On a typical day a geographer may be engaged in making changes to the existing maps or graphs. For this he would do a lot of research using existing maps, satellite images and Photographs. Sometimes he/she would also use field observations to complete the information needed. With the help of geographic information software and statistical tools he can create or modify a map/ graph.
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