But there is much more to horticulture than just planting plants. Horticulturists cultivate plants for human use. They cultivate fruits, vegetables, mushrooms, culinary herbs and non-food crops like flowers, trees and shrubs, turf-grass, hops, medicinal herbs.
Who is a Horticulturist?
Horticulturists are involved in plant propagation and cultivation with the aim of improving plant growth, yields, quality, nutritional value, and resistance to insects, diseases, and environmental stresses. They work as growers, therapists, designers, and technical advisers in the food and non-food sectors of horticulture. A horticultural scientist conduct research in horticulture and encompasses all of the pure sciences – mathematics, physics, chemistry, geology, and biology – and related sciences and technologies that underpin horticulture, such as plant pathology, soil science, entomology, weed science, and many other scientific disciplines. Horticulture Professionals apply their skills in many industries and settings, including private research laboratories, universities, greenhouses, agriculture businesses, and government agencies. Horticulturists usually specialize in particular field. Some do research in particular plant species of family and others do more fundamental research in plant propagation and other areas of interest. It is increasingly getting connected to the Food technology field also as production, harvesting and storing of vegetables all are getting mechanized.
(1.Diploma in horticulture (2 years)
(2.)B.Sc. Horticulture/ Agriculture (4 years)
(3.)Bachelors degree in Horticulture can be pursued as separate discipline or as a subject of BSc Agriculture Science, 10+2 students in Science stream (class 12th) with physics, chemistry and maths/biology/agriculture as the subject are eligible for the course.
(4.)M. Sc Horticulture (2 years)
(5.)After doing B. Sc one can continue his/her further study in the field by doing M. Sc or PhD. The minimum qualification for admission to various Master's programmes in agriculture is 60 per cent marks or equivalent in graduation in same or related streams. For instance, in order to get admission to MA in Pomology; Floriculture and Landscaping; or Vegetable Crops a B. Sc degree in Agriculture or Horticulture is required.
Agriculture universities charge on an average Rs.20,000 per year in the B.Sc course.
(1.) Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University
Course: Diploma in Horticulture, B.Sc. (Hort), M.Sc. (Horticulture)
(2.) Kerala Agricultural University Course: MSc (Horticulture)
(3.) University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore Course: MSc (Horticulture)
(4.) Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth
(5.) University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwar Course: B.Sc. (Hort), M.Sc. (Horticulture)
(6.) Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Delhi
(7.) Anand Agricultural University, Anand, Gujarat
(8.) Dr Y S P University of Horticuture and Forestry, Himachal Pradesh
(9.) Assam Agriculture University, Jorhat.
(10.) BHU, Varanasi, UP.
(11.) Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar
(12.) Annamalai University Course: BSc (Horticulture)
(13.) Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture & Technology, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand
(14.) Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Raipur, Chattisgarh
(15.) Allahabad Agricultural Institute, Allahabad Course: M.Sc. (Ag.) Horticulture (Vegetable Science), M.Sc. (Ag.) Horticulture (Floriculture & Land Scaping), M.Sc. (Ag.) Horticulture (Fruit Production & Post Harvest Technology)
(16.) Choudhary Charan Singh University Haryana, Hisar.
(17.) Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore Course: B.Sc. (Horticulture), B.Tech. (Horticulture)
(18.) Calcutta University, Kolkata Course: MSc (Horticulture)
Beginners get around Rs.1.5 to Rs.2 lakhs a year, experienced horticulturists in research get very handsome packages. They have a good option to start their own business and then there is no limit to how much one can earn.
Scope in the field of horticulture looks bright in the future. As demand for food plants is definitely going to grow, the demand for non food plants like flowers, ornamental plants is also picking up very fast. The option to enter in exports sectors is one bright option after doing horticulture. The advancements and growth in food technology industry is also improving the prospects in horticulture. Both public and private sectors offer good job options to horticulturists and there are opportunities to work abroad also.
Dr. M. S. Randhawa, has also made significant contributions in the field of horticulture.
Dr. M. H. Marigowda is considered as the father of Indian Horticulture
Major part of the day of horticulturist is spent outdoors as they are responsible for giving and supervising work of the gardeners. In the first half of the day they usually make field visits to ensure that work is going on smoothly. Second half may be spent in touring the green house or the compost areas or researching about the variety of seeds or plants to add to the portfolio. On some days they spend time in planning and executing the plant exhibitions and it happens in many seasons. They also meet the vendors for equipments and supplies need at the farm.
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