Manufacturing is the production of goods for use or sale using labor and machines, tools, chemical and biological processing, or formulation. The term is most commonly applied to industrial production, in which raw materials are transformed into finished goods on a large scale. Such finished goods may be used for manufacturing other, more complex products, such as aircraft, household appliances or automobiles, or sold to wholesalers, who in turn sell them to retailers, who then sell them to end users.
The manufacturing sector is closely connected with engineering and industrial design. Manufacturing units vary from small fabricating units to large industries. They combine manufacturing technology with management science. A production engineer typically works in large factories manufacturing different types of goods.
A production engineer needs to have wide knowledge of engineering practices and should be aware of the management challenges related to production. The goal is to accomplish the production process in the smoothest, most-judicious and most-economic way. Production engineering as a function is extensively used in large production plants that use heavy machinery. It encompasses the application of castings, joining processes, metal cutting & tool design, metrology, machine tools, machining systems, automation, jigs and fixtures, and die and mould design.
(1.)Bachelor of Engineering (BE)/ Bachelor of Technology (BTech): The eligibility is class 12th with physics, chemistry and maths as the main subjects and Entrance Exam.
(2.)The AMIE (Associate Memberships of the Institution of Engineers) offers courses, which are also equivalent to BE and B.Tech.
(3.)Masters in Engineering (ME) or Masters in Technology M.Tech: Eligibility is BE, B Tech and entrance - Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) exam. The marks scored in this exam are valid in most colleges.
(4.)For those who wish to study further, a Ph.D. in engineering can be pursued.
The 4 years course in Engineering from an IIT will cost about Rs.2 lakhs. There are a number of scholarships, fee waivers and loans available for those who are unable to fund the education. Apart from this, in most colleges the students can earn a small amount while working on a research project with the professors in their college and this can also help funding the course. The fee in other private colleges is different, ranging from about Rs.40,000 per year to about Rs.70,000 per year.
In India there are many Universities and colleges that offer B Tech / B E and M Tech. Some of the top colleges offering the course are:
(1.) Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi (2.) Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay
(3.) Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
(4.) Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur
(5.) Indian Institute of Technology, Madras
(6.) Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati
(7.) Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee
(8.) Institute of Technology, Benaras Hindu University, Benaras.
(9.) Institute of Technology, Ropar
(10.) Indian Institute of Technology, Gandhi Nagar
(11.) Indian Institute of Technology, Bhubaneshwar
(12.) Indian Institute of Technology, Hyderabad
(13.) Indian Institute of Technology, Patna
(14.) Indian Institute of Technology, Mandi
(15.) Institute of Technology,Indore
(16.) Institute of Technology, Rajsthan, Mentored by IIT Kanpur Temporarily at IIT Kanpur
Entry-level salaries range from about Rs 1.3 lakh to Rs 3.15 lakh per annum. Pay hikes depend on your performance and any additional skills you acquire. A production engineer with five to nine years’ work experience makes about Rs 2.2 lakh to Rs 5.3 lakh per annum.
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