Telecommunications engineering, or telecom engineering, is an engineering discipline that integrates electrical engineering with computer science to develop telecommunication systems. The work ranges from basic circuit design to strategic mass developments. A telecommunication engineer is responsible for designing and overseeing the installation of telecommunications equipment and facilities, such as complex electronic switching systems, copper telephone facilities, and fiber optics.
Telecom engineers are often expected, as most engineers are, to provide the best solution possible for the lowest cost to the company. This often leads to creative solutions to problems that often would have been designed differently without the budget constraints dictated by modern society.
A telecommunication engineer should have a sound knowledge of both computer software and hardware. Additionally he/she should be adept in technical writing, public speech and project management.
A telecom engineer often focuses on a specific area like fiber optics, networking or circuit design. Telecom engineers are involved in designing processors and circuits to design large infrastructure projects to establish wireless technologies or networks. Telecom engineers who design the infrastructure also manage the project. After a project is completed they also maintain the systems that they have designed. As technological advances keep coming they have to upgrade their skills and capabilities throughout their careers.
Telecom Engineering is offered at graduate level as well as post graduate level. Civil engineers and computer engineers also enter this profession after suitable post graduation. The courses of telecommunication train students in how to design, troubleshoot, install and network. It puts special prominence on both software and hardware as well as on wireless communication, mobile telephony, GSM architecture, internet protocol media system, CDMA, GPRS network, internet protocol, designing of optical networks, understanding and designing data network, etc. These programs typically include technical, management, and business studies because designing telecommunications systems requires understanding all aspects of the design process. Telecom Engineers are often involved in designing projects from conception to completion.
The fee for four years course in any branches of Engineering from the IITs is around Rs.2 lakhs. Since telecom engineering course is available in most colleges as a undergraduate program, an aspirant will have to spend around Rs. 2 lakhs more for the specialization. The government funded colleges offer scholarships, fee waiver and loans in case the student makes to the merit list, but is unable to fund his education. These colleges also have the concept of a ‘research associate’ where in the students can collaborate with a professor on an ongoing research and earn a monthly stipend.
In India there are many Universities and colleges that offer B Tech / B E and M Tech courses. Some of the top colleges are:
(1.) Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi
(2.) Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay
(3.) Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
(4.) Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur
(5.) Indian Institute of Technology, Madras
(6.) Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati
(7.) Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee
(8.) Institute of Technology, Benaras Hindu University, Benaras.
(9.) Institute of Technology, Ropar
(10.) Indian Institute of Technology, Gandhi Nagar
(11.) Indian Institute of Technology, Bhubaneshwar
(12.) Indian Institute of Technology, Hyderabad
(13.) Indian Institute of Technology, Patna
(14.) Indian Institute of Technology, Mandi
(15.) Institute of Technology,Indore
(16.) Institute of Technology, Rajsthan, Mentored by IIT Kanpur Temporarily at IIT Kanpur
Some other reputed colleges are
(1.) University Institute of Engineering and Technology, South campus, Panjab University Chandigarh
(2.) Delhi Technological University, New Delhi (Formerly Delhi College of Engineering)
(3.) Netaji Subhas Institute of Technology, Delhi
(4.) Indira Gandhi Delhi Technical University for women, New Delhi .
Entry-level salaries range from about Rs 2.0 lakh to Rs 4 lakh per annum. Pay hikes depend on your performance and any additional skills you acquire. A mechanical engineer with five to nine years’ work experience makes about Rs. 8 lakh to Rs. 14 lakh per annum. Senior level people are paid very handsomely.
Engineering in Telecommunication offers a wide range of opportunities in various upcoming fields like Embedded Software Development, Software Testing, Equipment Installations and Maintenance, Analog Digital Engineering Technology, Telecom Marketing, Chip Design Engineering and Network Systems and Data Communications.
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